Research in the open-access journal Frontiers in Zoology indicates that the sensory ability of male spiders through mating may be advanced than previously thought.
Nervous tissue is known as an innate feature of male copulatory structures in most animals. In spiders, these organs are located in front of the four wings. They were previously thought to have no muscles, nerves, or sensory issues since they were supposed to advance from the same cells that also make up the grips of a spider that are free of nervous and muscular tissue.
Peter Michalik, a single study’s corresponding researchers, said: “Male spiders do not have specific sperm transfer organs, but they transfer sperm through the tips of their pedipalps, turning leg-like structures at the front of their bodies. We were considered numb and suggested otherwise only lately two experiments on two indistinctly related spider types. We demonstrate here that male spiders ‘ copulatory organs have nerves and level contain sensory organs.
A series of imaging techniques, including micro-CT, were used by the research team, led by the University of Greifswald’s General and Systematic Zoology group. The researchers tested the hypothesis that the spider copulatory organs ‘ innervation may be part of the spider ground pattern, meaning it can found in all spiders. The authors displayed that the copulatory tissue contained nervous tissue in all species investigated in this study, which was placed near the sporophoric glandular tissue, where seeds are stored before being transferred to a female body.
Male spiders can benefit from sensory feedback from the copulatory organ through nervous tissue in various ways, including modifying their investment in the matting cycle., Depending on whether the female has previously matted or not, or can manipulate the rival sperm already stored in the reproductive organs of the female.